Understanding Birth Control And Your Options

We are privileged to be living in an era where birth control is within reach and accessible to all. It enables people to choose when they want to have a baby. As a health care facility, we offer multiple choices of birth control both for long term and one time use. We also offer informational consultation to discuss your individual needs.

Quick facts about birth control:

- Many types to choose from for both, men and women; including barrier devices, medications and traditional methods.

- The effectiveness and reliability of each, is largely dependent on its proper usage. Improper usage or failure to follow instructions may result in unwanted pregnancies and thus it is imperative to seek consultation and understand the do’s and dont’s from a medical practitioner.

- Of all these methods, only a male condom will provide protection against sexually transmitted infections.

Birth control methods available at Shanghai Sky Clinic include:

1- Intrauterine Device (IUD) : two types are available and largely used, the T- shaped and O- shaped. This fits inside your uterus and prevents pregnancy by stopping the sperm from reaching the eggs and fertilising them. A copper based T shaped device is also available. The copper triggers the immune system to prevent pregnancies. A more popular option in recent times is the hormone based T-shaped IUD which releases small am punts of progestin into your body (the same hormone used in birth control pills) and affects period flow to make it lighter in the long run. This is an especially good option for women with heavy period flow. IUDs are long term, reversible and one of the most effective methods of preventing pregnancies. IUDs can also immediately be used for emergency contraception and if placed within 120 hrs of unprotected sex, they are 99% effective, making it the safest option. Additional benefit, if you choose to start planning a family, you can immediately do so after removing an IUD, with no down time.

IUDIUD

 

2- Birth control pills: Birth control pills are prescription medication that help prevent pregnancies if taken on time always. They are safe, affordable and come with additional health benefits. The only difference is, you need to take a pill every day, on time, always. As opposed to an IUD, which is a one time procedure and leaves you hassle free after ward. The pill helps in stopping ovulation. If there is no egg hanging to fertilise, there will be no pregnancy. The pill hormones also thicken the mucus on the cervix, making it a sticky barrier for sperms. The pill does not protect against sexually transmitted infections though. If you just missed one, take it as soon as you remember. If you don't remember until the next day, go ahead and take 2 pills that day. Take 2 pills the day you remember and 2 pills the next day. You will then be back on schedule. For maximum efficiency, use an app, find a pill buddy (someone who is also on the pill), keep pills within reach, and set reminders to not forget taking them. Other benefits include prevention of hormonal acne, prevention of menstrual migraines and reduces risk of uterine cancer and ovarian cysts.

3- Contraceptive implants: An implant is a small, thin rod that a doctor inserts under the skin in the arm. It releases hormones that prevent ovulation. The implant protects from pregnancy for up to 4 years. If the implant is placed within the first five days of your period, it is immediately affective in birth control. If placed at any other time, using an alternate method of contraception will be required for 7 days till the implant takes effect. The implant can be removed at any time, followed by a quick return to fertility. A contraceptive implant can prevent pregnancy for up to three years. It must be removed and replaced every three years to continue prevent pregnancy. However, this method also, does not provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases.

 

4- Morning after pill: These pills are similar to contraceptive pills but are an emergency contraceptive for one time use only. This method is not advisable for prolonged use. It remains most effective if pill is taken within 72 hours after unprotected sex, and may still have effect upto 120 hours. For the best suited option for your individual need based on your lifestyle and medical history, please book an appointment for consulting our doctors.